Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, to the close of the age. In an ideal world however, he would have travelled even more widely, taking in for example, the ancient churches of Ethiopia, the long history of Christianity in south India, the distinctive Scottish Presbyterian tradition both at home and abroad, the profound impact of nineteenth-century Christian missionaries on the islands of the Pacific and the growth of Pentecostalism in twentieth-century Latin America. While historical contexts of Christian religious monopoly have certainly existed, the series shows that these instances have been less common than is often supposed. Above all, how should we view Jesus Christ himself?
The church and its history The essence and identity of Christianity At its most basic, Christianity is the faith tradition that focuses on the figure of Jesus Christ. As a traditionChristianity is more than a system of religious belief. It also has generated a culturea set of ideas and ways of life, practices, and artifacts that have been handed down from generation to generation since Jesus first became the object of faith.
Christianity is thus both a living tradition of faith and the culture that the faith leaves behind. The agent of Christianity is the church, the community of people who make Defining god in christianity the body of believers. Few Christians, however, would be content to keep this reference merely historical.
Although their faith tradition is historical—i.
While there is something simple about this focus on Jesus as the central figure, there is also something very complicated. That complexity is revealed by the thousands of separate churches, sects, and denominations that make up the modern Christian tradition.
To project these separate bodies against the background of their development in the nations of the world is to suggest the bewildering variety. To picture people expressing their adherence to that tradition in their prayer life and church-building, in their quiet worship or their strenuous efforts to change the world, is to suggest even more of the variety.
Given such complexity, it is natural that throughout Christian history both those in the tradition and those surrounding it have made attempts at simplification. Modern scholars have located the focus of this faith tradition in the context of monotheistic religions.
Christianity addresses the historical figure of Jesus Christ against the background of, and while seeking to remain faithful to, the experience of one God. It has consistently rejected polytheism and atheism. A second element of the faith tradition of Christianity, with rare exceptions, is a plan of salvation or redemption.
That is to say, the believers in the church picture themselves as in a plight from which they need rescue. For whatever reasonthey have been distanced from God and need to be saved. The agent of that redemption is Jesus Christ.
It is possible that through the centuries the vast majority of believers have not used the term essence to describe the central focus of their faith. The term is itself of Greek origin and thus represents only one part of the tradition, one element in the terms that have gone into making up Christianity.
Essence refers to those qualities that give something its identity and are at the centre of what makes that thing different from everything else. To Greek philosophers it meant something intrinsic to and inherent in a thing or category of things, which gave it its character and thus separated it from everything of different character.
Thus, Jesus Christ belongs to the essential character of Christianity and gives it a unique identity. If most people are not concerned with defining the essence of Christianity, in practice they must come to terms with what the word essence implies.
Whether they are engaged in being saved or redeemed on the one hand, or thinking and speaking about that redemption, its agent, and its meaning on the other, they are concentrating on the essence of their experience. Those who have concentrated from within the faith tradition have also helped to give it its identity.Christianity teaches that there is only one God in all existence, that God is a Trinity, that Jesus Christ is God in flesh, that salvation is by grace alone through faith alone, that Jesus died on the cross, and that Jesus rose from the dead in a glorified, physical body.
The religion that contradicts any of these teachings is not Christian. God: the perfect and all-powerful spirit or being that is worshipped especially by Christians, Jews, and Muslims as the one who created and rules the universe: a spirit or being that has great power, strength, knowledge, etc., and that can affect nature and the lives of people: one of various spirits or beings worshipped in some religions.
Aug 02, · When defining God we don't need to define every aspect of him, just as with anything in the physical universe we only need to define a few aspects to distinguish them from other things. There is always a potentially infinite number of details beyond our grasp with anything we define.
In the last years, Christianity in America has been distorted — or, to use a more serious word, ravaged — Christianity in America has been ravaged by the dominant teaching that decisions for God are more basic in defining a Christian than delight in God. The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer (LGBTQ) movement represents a clear and present danger to the culture, to the Church, and to eternal salvation of millions because of its active rebellion against God’s design of gender, marriage, family, and purpose of sexual relations.
Why the Christian God is Impossible - Atheist Soapbox; Books on the Christian God. Christian Theology: An Introduction, Third Edition by Alister McGrath. A History of Christian Theology by William C.
Placher. Readings in the History of Christian Theology. Charts of Christian Theology and Doctrine. A History of Christian Thought by Justo Gonzalez.