The Founding Fathers on Jesus, Christianity and the Bible A Few Declarations of Founding Fathers and Early Statesmen on Jesus, Christianity, and the Bible This list is by no means exhaustive; many other Founders could be included, and even with those who appear below, additional quotes could have been used.
Galeriuswho had previously been one of the leading figures in persecution, in issued an edict which ended the persecution. Victory allowed him to claim the emperorship in the West. How much Christianity Constantine adopted at this point is difficult to discern.
Roman coins minted up to eight years later still bore the images of Roman gods. Constantine supported the Church financially, built various basilicas, granted privileges e. It had overtly Christian architecture, contained churches within the city walls, and had no pagan temples.
Constantine also played an active role in the leadership of the Church. Inhe acted as a judge in a North African dispute concerning the Donatist controversy.
More significantly, in he summoned the Council of Nicaeathe first Ecumenical Council. Constantine thus established a precedent for the emperor as responsible to God for the spiritual health of their subjects, and thus with a duty to maintain orthodoxy. The emperor was to enforce doctrine, root out heresy, and uphold ecclesiastical unity.
Julian's short reign ended when he died while campaigning in the East. Some, such as John Chrysostom and Athanasiussuffered exile, persecution, or martyrdom from Arian Byzantine Emperors. Germanic Christianity A popular doctrine of the 4th century was Arianismthe denial of the divinity of Christ, as propounded by Arius.
Though this doctrine was condemned as heresy What is christianity eventually eliminated by the Roman Church it remained popular underground for some time. In the late 4th century Ulfilasa Roman bishop and an Arian, was appointed as the first bishop to the Gothsthe Germanic peoples in much of Europe at the borders of and within the Empire.
Ulfilas spread Arian Christianity among the Goths firmly establishing the faith among many of the Germanic tribes, thus helping to keep them culturally distinct. They were mostly concerned with Christological disputes. Christianity as Roman state religion [ edit ] An Eastern Roman mosaic showing a basilica with towers, mounted with Christian crosses5th century AD, Louvre On 27 Februarywith the Edict of Thessalonica put forth under Theodosius Ithe Roman Empire officially adopted Trinitarian Christianity as its state religion.
After its establishment, the Church adopted the same organisational boundaries as the Empire: The bishops, who were located in major urban centres as per pre-legalisation tradition, thus oversaw each diocese.
The bishop's location was his "seat", or "see".
Among the sees, five came to hold special eminence: RomeConstantinopleJerusalemAntiochand Alexandria. The prestige of most of these sees depended in part on their apostolic founders, from whom the bishops were therefore the spiritual successors.
Though the bishop of Rome was still held to be the First among equalsConstantinople was second in precedence as the new capital of the empire. Theodosius I decreed that others not believing in the preserved "faithful tradition", such as the Trinity, were to be considered to be practitioners of illegal heresy and inthis resulted in the first case of capital punishment of a heretic, namely Priscillian.
During the early 5th century the School of Edessa had taught a Christological perspective stating that Christ's divine and human nature were distinct persons. A particular consequence of this perspective was that Mary could not be properly called the mother of God, but could only be considered the mother of Christ.
The most widely known proponent of this viewpoint was the Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius. Since referring to Mary as the mother of God had become popular in many parts of the Church this became a divisive issue.
The councils ultimately rejected Nestorius' view. Many churches who followed the Nestorian viewpoint broke away from the Roman Church, causing a major schism.
The Nestorian churches were persecuted and many followers fled to the Sasanian Empire where they were accepted. The Sasanian Persian Empire had many Christian converts early in its history tied closely to the Syriac branch of Christianity.
The Empire was officially Zoroastrian and maintained a strict adherence to this faith in part to distinguish itself from the religion of the Roman Empire originally the pagan Roman religion and then Christianity. Christianity became tolerated in the Sasanian Empire and as the Roman Empire increasingly exiled heretics during the 4th and 6th centuries, the Sasanian Christian community grew rapidly.
This church evolved into what is today known as the Church of the East. Oriental Orthodoxy In the Council of Chalcedon was held to further clarify the Christological issues surrounding Nestorianism.
The council ultimately stated that Christ's divine and human nature were separate but both part of a single entity, a viewpoint rejected by many churches who called themselves miaphysites.
The resulting schism created a communion of churches, including the Armenian, Syrian, and Egyptian churches.Frank Viola Author's book REIMAGINING CHURCH. With From Eternity to Here, Viola has given us that foundational Biblical discussion of the church, and in a compelling and creative way.I was taken aback with how much I liked this book.
I read it quickly, and I’m going to read it again. Mar 17, · With over 2 billion adherents worldwide, Christianity is the largest religion in the world. It has dominated western culture for centuries and remains the majority religion of Europe and the Americas.
Christian beliefs center on the life of Jesus of Nazareth, a teacher and healer who lived in first century heartoftexashop.com primary source of information about the life of Jesus are the Gospels. Studies include The Olivet Discourse, Revelation Timeline Decoded, the Falling Away of 2 Thessalonians 2, Islam In Bible Prophecy, 70th week of Daniel.
Christianity is a religion based upon the teachings and miracles of Jesus. Jesus is the Christ. The word "christ" means anointed one. Christ is not Jesus' last name. Jesus is the anointed one from God the Father who came to this world, fulfilled the Old Testament laws and prophecies, died on the.
Early Christianity is the history of Christianity in antiquity, from its origins (1st century) until the First Council of Nicaea in This period is typically divided historically into the Apostolic Age (1st century), the Ante-Nicene Period (from the Apostolic Age until Nicea), and at least the beginning (or all) of Christianity in late antiquity (from Constantine, c.
. Feb 20, · Beyond these core beliefs, there are many other items that are, or at least should be, indicative of what Christianity is and what Christians believe.